Infertility

Infertility Specialist
Advances in medical technology and advanced treatment techniques offer more hope than ever for people struggling with infertility issues. Dr. Mohannad Alshalabi is an expertly trained and well-respected OB/GYN specialist at Shelby Women Health in Greenbelt, Maryland. He provides infertility evaluations as part of his heartfelt commitment to providing the best gynecological care available to his patients. Contact the office today to schedule an appointment.

Infertility Q & A

Shelby Women Health

What causes female infertility?

Numerous factors play a role in infertility and can include:

  • Hormonal imbalances preventing you from ovulating or producing a mature egg that’s ready for fertilization
  • Blockages in the fallopian tubes that prevent eggs from traveling into the uterus for fertilization
  • Benign tumors (fibroids) or polyps in the uterus that prevent an embryo from implanting
  • Malformation of the uterus or other pelvic structures
  • Endometriosis
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
  • Age-related infertility

What is the most common cause of infertility in women?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause of infertility in women. This condition causes a hormonal imbalance that prevents or limits the regularity of ovulation. It’s often associated with obesity, abnormal hair growth on the face or body, increased incidence of diabetes, and frequent acne outbreaks.

Can I get pregnant if I have PCOS?

There’s no cure for PCOS and the infertility rate is high, but long-term treatment with medications such as metformin or hormones have successfully helped women with PCOS become pregnant. If you don’t respond to initial treatments, you may be a good candidate for referral to a fertility specialist and in vitro fertilization.

What is age-related infertility?

Women are much more affected by age-related fertility issues than men because women are born with all the eggs they will ever have. Men produce sperm throughout much of their life. As a woman ages, her eggs begin to diminish in quantity as well as quality. Fertility begins to decline around age 32.

By the age of 40, a woman has only a 5 percent chance of becoming pregnant in any given month, compared to the 20 percent chance at age 30. Thus, the so-called “biological clock” is real. However, medical science has made great strides in helping a woman achieve a healthy pregnancy well into her 40s.  

What is an infertility evaluation like?

Dr. Alshalabi starts with a complete physical examination that includes a detailed review of your medical history and extensive discussion. He may obtain blood tests to check hormone levels. If you have a history of miscarriage, he may recommend further diagnostic studies such as a hysteroscopy, vaginal ultrasound, or other imaging studies to check for uterine fibroids, polyps, or structural abnormalities that might interfere with your ability to carry a pregnancy.

Dr. Alshalabi also may recommend your partner have a semen analysis to determine the health and function of his sperm, or that he see a urologist or fertility specialist to discover if he has conditions that may contribute to infertility problems.

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